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Standards-based assessment and Instruction

Summative Assessment: Grade K

Gingerbread Men


Gina is making six gingerbread men. Gina needs raisins for each gingerbread man's eyes. How many raisins does Gina need to make six gingerbread men? Show and tell how you know.


Counting and Cardinality Unit

The Counting and Cardinality Unit involves understanding numbers and how they are used to name quantities and to answer questions, such as:

  • How many balls is the clown juggling?
  • Do you have enough cups for each member of your group to have one?
TEKS covered in this Unit include: K.2A, K.2B, K.2C, K.2D

Exemplars Task-Specific Evidence

This task requires students to combine, count on and have number sense to 12. It also requires students to recognize that a gingerbread man has two eyes.

TEKS Mathematical Process Standards

  • K.1A Apply mathematics to problems arising in everyday life, society, and the workplace.
  • K.1E The student is expected to create and use representations to organize, record, and communicate mathematical ideas.

Underlying Mathematical Concepts

  • Number sense to 12
  • 2 to 1 (2 raisins to 1 gingerbread man)
  • Addition/Counting on
  • Patterns

Possible Problem-Solving Strategies

  • Model (manipulatives)
  • Diagram/Key
  • Table
  • Tally chart
  • Equation

Formal Mathematical Language and Symbolic Notation

  • Model
  • Diagram/Key
  • Table
  • Tally chart
  • Per
  • Pair
  • Total/Sum
  • Double
  • Sets
  • Pattern
  • Dozen
  • Odd/Even

Possible Solutions

Gina needs 12 raisins.









Possible Connections

Below are some examples of mathematical connections. Your students may discover some that are not on this list.

  • Eyes are pairs.
  • Patterns: Raisins +2, Gingerbread man +1.
  • 12 raisins are a dozen.
  • 6 is half of 12.
  • One gingerbread man has 2 eyes.
  • Student adds more gingerbread men/eyes to extend the task.
  • Double the number of gingerbread men to get the total number of raisins.
  • There is always an even number of raisins used.
  • If Gina made noses, she would need six more raisins.
  • You can count by twos to find the number of raisin eyes.

Scoring Rationales and Corresponding Anchor Papers





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The Exemplars program is designed to assess students' problem-solving and mathematical-communication skills. It also supports higher-level thinking and extension of mathematical reasoning.

S. Dement

Converse, TX

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