Standards-based assessment and Instruction

## Marshmallow Peeps All In a Row

Marshmallow Peeps come 10 in a package. Each peep is 2 inches long.

How long will a train of peeps be if they are lined up in a row with 1/2 inch between them?

Remember to show all your work, use math representation and as much math language as you can.

### Context

Around Easter, marshmallow peeps are readily available in stores. Also around this time of year our class has an "Egg Week", when many of our daily activities are related to eggs. For a more complete description of our Egg Week, see the task entitled "How Did the Chick Cross the Road?" that was also done with my students this same week.

This age group looks forward to the special candy associated with Easter, so they readily relate to the problem. How the students approach the solution reflects their spatial sense as they attempt to visualize the situation of the row of peeps with spaces in between. If they make a precise model and measure it, this shows their measurement skills. If they solve the problem by adding the whole numbers and then the fractions, this shows their number and operation sense along with the level of their skill with respect to fractions and related notation.

### What the Student Will Do

In solving this problem the students were encouraged to use rulers or yardsticks if they wished. They were also encouraged to represent peeps with manipulatives or paper cut outs. They were asked to make a drawing to show that they understood the problem. They were also asked to write a sentence giving their solution, and to show with equations or words how they figured out their solution. Students might set out manipulatives along a ruler or yardstick, make and then measure a scale model of the rows of peeps, count along a ruler or yard stick, count along a drawing, or calculate the lengths of the peeps and the lengths of the spaces separating them.

45 minutes.

As noted above, this task fits well with the season. For more ideas on this topic, see the task entitled "How did the Chick Cross the Road?".

### Teaching Tips

I bought several packages of marshmallow peeps and showed the class a package of 10 (the peeps come arranged in 2 rows of 5). The class was pleased to know that they would each get to eat a peep at the end of the problem solving session. If marshmallow peeps aren't available during the time of year you do this problem, other items can be substituted, such as cookies, Saltines, matchbox cars or pogs.

Before attempting the task, I reviewed with students what a half inch is, the notation for writing one-half, and noted that when it is typed a slash is used in place of a horizontal line.

I hadn't anticipated that students might try to create a scale drawing of the row. Students who tried this soon discovered that the row of peeps did not fit on a single page. Another time I might make available ticker tape rolls, or reduce the number of peeps in the problem to 6, providing 12" x 18" paper on which students can more easily record their solutions. If you decide to change the number of peeps in the task, I recommend making up a package of peeps arranged in 2 rows of 3 so as to retain the spatial challenge of the problem.

The task could also be rewritten to create other tasks. For instance, if enough peeps are bought so everyone in the class can eat one, how many packages of peeps must be purchased and how much will this cost? How much does each peep cost?

### Suggested Materials

Paper that the students can cut into peeps, stencils, packages of marshmallow peeps, manipulatives, ticker tape rolls, rulers, yardsticks, pencils and paper on which to record solutions.

### Possible Solutions

There is only one correct solution, which is 24 1/2 inches. Strategies used to arrive at the solution will vary.

Click on a level for student example.
Novice The Novice will deal only with one part of the problem, and count the lengths of peeps only without allowing for the 1/2 inch between them. The Novice will use little or no math language, and the solution will lack correct reasoning.
Apprentice The Apprentice will attempt both parts of the problem, the length of the peeps and the length of the spaces between them. However, the Apprentice will fail to arrive at a correct answer for a variety of reasons, including:
• Some students might incorrectly assume that there will be 10 spaces if there are 10 peeps (despite the evidence in their drawings) and arrive at the incorrect solution of 25 inches.
• Other students that use a yardstick may also arrive at 25 inches for a solution, because they round to the nearest inch.
• Some students that attempt to create a scale drawing may get bogged down by constraints of the paper length, which may lead to inaccuracies.
• Other students may miscalculate because they become confused with doubling and halving in the same problem.
Practitioner The Practitioner understands that the lengths of the peeps and distances between them need to be added. The student refers to his/her drawings of the problem and correctly calculates the solution. The Practitioner will use appropriate math language and correctly label his/her drawings. The reader can follow the student's reasoning.
Expert The Expert fully understands the problem by representing it visually, and clearly calculating the solution efficiently. The Expert may deal with whole numbers and fractions separately, or may choose to deal with mixed numbers. The Expert's equations show more advanced knowledge of how to use fractional notation, and how to accurately represent calculations.

Our teacher-friendly tasks are designed to support both the Common Core and Citywide instructional expectations. GO Math! alignments are also available.
Set up your FREE 30-day Trial today!

Explore our latest K-5 math material and begin using it in your classroom.
Set up your FREE 30-day Trial today!

## Here's What People Are Saying

There is more than enough in each activity for a teacher, even one without a great deal of science background, to plan high-quality, inquiry-based lessons and assess student performance with confidence ... This program will provide an invaluable service to schools ..."

C. Seidman

Science Teacher

NSTA Review Panel Member

Exemplars | 271 Poker Hill Road | Underhill, Vermont 05489 | ph: 800-450-4050 | fax: 802-899-4825 | infoREMOVETHISBEFORESENDING@exemplars.com