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Standards-based assessment and Instruction

Formative Assessment

Formative Assessment

Formative assessment focuses on improving student performance and classroom instruction.

It is contrasted with summative assessment that focuses on accountability and is often done to label, sort or classify students.

Conditions for successful formative assessment include:

  1. The student and teacher share a common understanding of what constitutes quality work. That is, they have the same standards for achievement.
  2. Both student and teacher can compare the student's performance to these standards.
    • The student assesses as s/he is working on the task at hand, and upon completion.
    • The teacher may assess the completed work or while the work is in progress.
  3. Following the assessment, teaching and learning activities are adjusted to close the gap between the student's performance and the standard.
    • The teacher not only assesses the student's performance, but also provides feedback (guidance) to the student enabling him/her to improve his/her performance.
    • The student will use what s/he has learned from the assessment to improve future performances.
    • The teacher also assesses the instruction that preceded the performance. The teacher will adjust their instruction based on this assessment.

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Here's What People Are Saying

Our school subscribes to the Exemplars Library. I find the formative tasks aligned to the Common Core are strong and can be easily embedded in any curriculum. Having a more accessible and more challenging version of each task provides teachers' support as they have the resources to problem solve across different levels of understanding in their classrooms … Students are enjoying the tasks and are demonstrating a deeper understanding of the underlying concepts of the standards as they apply formal math language, accurate representations and connections.

C. Hemley

Principal

PS 94
New York

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